Dr Mario Caironi

Dr Mario Caironi


Title: Direct-Written and Low-Voltage Polymer Field-Effect Transistors Operating at Radio-Frequencies


Printed polymer field-effect transistors (FETs) have been considered for many novel applications towards large area and flexible electronics, since they can enable pervasive integration of electronic functionalities in all sorts of appliances, their portability and wearability. However, printed polymer FETs fabricated with scalable tools fail to achieve the minimum speed required for example to drive high-resolution displays or to read the signal from a real-time imager, where a transition frequency (fT), i.e. the highest device operative frequency, above 10 MHz is required. Such goal is even more critical to achieve with low operating voltages and on cheap plastic foils. Here, we demonstrate that high-frequency, low-voltage, polymer field-effect transistors can be fabricated on plastic with the sole use of a combination of scalable printing and digital laser-based techniques. These devices achieve fT in the MHz range already at 2 V, and reaches a record 14 MHz fT at 7 V [1]. These devices can be successfully integrated into a rectifying circuit on plastic operating at 13.56 MHz, allowing to supply a DC voltage to RF devices and tags fabricated with cost-effective production processes. The progress into radio-frequency operation is supported by S-parameters measurements [2], a standard in high-frequency electronics, yet seldom applied to polymer electronics. Such characterization tool allowed also to assess the progress to even higher fT values, enabled by recent efforts on the reduction of capacitive parasitism, thus exploring a radio-frequency range never achieved with organic electronics before.


[1] Perinot A, Caironi M. Accessing MHz Operation at 2 V with FieldEffect Transistors Based on Printed Polymers on Plastic. Advanced Science 6 (2019) 1801566.

[2] Giorgio M, Caironi M. Radio-Frequency Polymer Field-Effect Transistors Characterized by S-Parameters. IEEE Electron Device Letters 40 (2019) 953.

Acknowledgement – The author would like to thank the financial support of Ethe uropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme “HEROIC”, grant agreement 638059.

Figure 1. Logo of the ERC project HEROIC


Mario Caironi obtained his Ph.D. in Information Technology with honours at Politecnico di Milano (Milan, Italy). In 2007 he joined the group of Prof. Sirringhaus at the Cavendish Lab. (Cambridge, UK) as a post-doc, working  on high resolution printing of downscaled organic transistors and circuits. In 2010 he was appointed as Team Leader at the Center for Nano Science and Technology@PoliMi (CNST) of the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT, Milan, Italy). In 2014 he entered the tenure track at the same institution, obtaining tenure in 2019. He is currently interested in solution based high resolution printing techniques for micro-electronic, opto-electronic and thermoelectrics devices, in the device physics of organic semiconductors based field-effect transistors, in biomedical and/or implantable sensors and electronics for the healthcare.

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